Roland R8

Descubre la mejor forma de comprar online. Description of ROLAND R-8 Owner's Manual Complete owner's manual in digital format. Maybe the most complete drums machine ever! Find me here: https://www. Med R-8 har en muligheten til å programmere loops på trykkfølsomme knapper. Roland R-8 / R-8M ROM Card - SN-R8-01 Somehow I inadvertently ended up owning two of these cards. It is still much revered today for its clean, deep sound. Download the latest R8 Driver About Zoom North America: Zoom North America is the U. R-8MKII CPU BOARD ASSY 73176050 00 Battery: CR2032 DC 3V 185mAH. Roland r8 human rythm composer. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. The Roland R-8 is a 32 voice digital drum machine. Great sounding machine. As is, Roland ACH-120 Description: AC Aadpter for R5, R8, R8 MKII. Je cherche donc à en reconstruire une sachant que plus aucun site marchand n'en vend aujourd'hui. The R-8 MkII is not as much of an iconic electronic instrument as Roland’s much more famous TR series drum machines, but it definitely left a deep mark in the history of electronic music. So it wasn't the R-8 MKII, but no big complaints. Enjoy up to three hours of stereo recording time, storage for 99 loops, a “real drums” rhythm guide, and USB 2. Roland R-8mkII R-8mk2 Human Rhythm Composer Drum Machine NEW INTERNAL BATTERY! C $610. Encuentra Caja De Ritmos Roland R8 - Instrumentos Musicales en Mercado Libre México. If you continue using this website, you accept our Cookie Policy. Roland R-8 Samples. R-8 recording equipment pdf manual download. This unit was made in 1989 and is in good condition, complete with original manual and power supply. Reverb Sellers Are Still Shipping. Sell R8 Roland. Make an offer to the item and pick up locally. The R-8 is a drum machine with the ability to increase its sound set using expansion cards. It is used by Orbital, Underworld, Jimmy Edgar, Autechre, 808 State, Dave Holmes, Fluke, Human League and The Shamen. It appeared in 1988 and was marketed as a 'human rhythm composer'. I have also added the card descriptions from a Roland promo leaflet from the early 90's that I have. YouTube Channel. Super JV, Super JV-1080, or simply 1080) is a sample-based synthesizer/sound module in the form of a 2U rack. Input voltage: 100V ~ 240Vac 50/60 Hz. Loading Unsubscribe from Joe S? Cancel Unsubscribe. That is Roland Iten himself showing the R8 MkII. Head: F0 41 00 28 12 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 04 13 08 03 09 01 00 00 00 00 14 0C 08 03 09 01 00. It includes the sought-after TR-909 drum sounds from the Dance expansio. Anyone ever had or currently own a Roland R8 or R5? The power supplies are extremely hard to find and very particular of a plug. (btw if you are interested send me a message with your bid and i reach it over to him). Budapest, Hungary. The R-8 Human Rhythm Composer is an electronic drum machine introduced in 1989 by Roland Corporation, using PCM voices. The R-8 features velocity- and pressure-sensitive trigger pads, and the ability to create loops of beats. I crack open the lid of the Roland R-8M. 2 Roland VS JV-1080 v1. (btw if you are interested send me a message with your bid and i reach it over to him). Roland R8 (MODULO BATERIA DIGITAL) con todos sus wavs y tambien en kontakt, con funcion de pitch en semitonos, ocatavas y centecimas! totalmente gratis, aqui abajo el link. If you have any questions please email us directly. As the makers explain, the sample pack isn’t an exhaustive sampling of the R-8, instead being focused on the electronic sounds that made this drum machine popular among artists such as Aphex Twin and Autechre. Roland R-8 Sound Cards The Roland Sound Card Collection, each containing 26 samples, was released starting 1989 by Roland Corporation of Japan. Semaine de Cowes 1977: BayBea suivi à gauche de Big Apple et à droite de Azahara. 68 percussion sounds, sampled at 44. The TR-8 is a performance rhythm machine that melds the legendary sound and vibe of the TR-808 and TR-909 with features and functions for the modern age. Save this search. But behind those iconic instruments, Roland's other drum machine output tends to go under the radar – so much so that Session Victim managed to pick one up for €60. The R-8 is a very deep machine that is a little hard to get your head around at first. Everyday low prices for Roland R8 online. Fantom X; Yahoo group dedicated to the Roland Fantom X Series Synths. WAV Format Immediate Zip File Download. Roland AIRA TR-8. The Largest Drum Machine Collection on the Internet (461 Drum Machines) Howdy Ya'll - Relaximus here with a goodie: This is a site rip of the samples. Boss RC-505, Desktop Loopstation für Live und Studio, geeignet für z. 1 Khz Stereo. It helped define the IDM sound of the 90s, being the staple of Aphex Twin's hardware setup, similar to how Squarepusher used the BOSS DR-660 drum machine. Akai VX600 Synthesizer (replaces BR-16 / BR-32 cards) Choose the Roland M-512E Card [Our model VCX512] above. It is used by Orbital, Underworld, Jimmy Edgar, Autechre, 808 State, Dave Holmes, Fluke, Human League and The Shamen. Roland R8 drum machine schematic newbieland. I use a little Casio home keyboard, a Musicman bass and an electronic Casio guitar with plastic strings, as well as an Ovation 6-string acoustic. Roland SH-2. 99 Start your 30-day free trial of Unlimited to listen to this song plus tens of millions more songs. Brand: Roland; Model: R-8. The R-5 Human Rhythm Composer is a drum machine similar to the higher-end Roland R-8, but it lacks ROM card expansion slots. The R-8 features velocity- and pressure-sensitive trigger pads, and the ability to create loops of beats. On peut bien s'éclater avec une R-8 couplée a d'autres machines (aka Sampleur!). That said, I believe at least up to a few years ago Roland were selling spares but they were pretty expensive. Roland R8 Condition. YouTube Channel. So it wasn't the R-8 MKII, but no big complaints. seul probleme: la sortie right ne sort plus. You are watching a stretchable dust cover tailored to the announced synthesizer and similar size ones. This banner text can have markup. All functions of this Roland R8 unit tested good except I was unable to test the Tape sync and Data Card Ports. R-8MKII: Display Assign Roland U. ROLAND or Boss, Edirol formerly Ace, Acetone Roland was founded in 1972 by Ikutaro Kakehasi, Japan (prior companies: ace (drum machines and electronic organs and kakehashi musen), first synthesizer: 1972 - Mr. Now the evolution begins again. I had to have one!. r8 avec alim d'origine+ carte balais (superbes) sn r8 02. It includes the sought-after TR-909 drum sounds from the Dance expansio. That's for Oz 240 volts. 00 shipping. Together with Roland's own R8 MkII and R70 Human Rhythm Composer, these were doing brisk business in the MIDI percussion markets. Be the first one to write a review. The R-8 was first released in 1989 by Roland Corporation of Japan. Category: Drums - Percussion. Roland R8 +3 cards - Korg PME40x 17 mei 2020, 17:48. r8 avec alim d'origine+ carte balais (superbes) sn r8 02. From the Album Planet Drum Machine November 1, 2011 $0. posted: 2020-05-07 22:05. 122872323170. Roland SN-R8-10 dance card. this is an original 'owner's manual' for the roland r-8 mkii human rhythm composer. It was released in module form with the same sound set but without pattern sequencing capabilities as the Roland R-8M. 99 Start your 30-day free trial of Unlimited to listen to this song plus tens of millions more songs. Keyboards: Synthesizers, accordions, arrangers, controllers and more. 0 (SF2 RAR Compressed) Extract file using WinRAR RLNDGM. For decades, dynamic microphones have now been sent with the style coil attached to the primary of the microphone's transformer, and maybe not introduced to surface (‘floating'). Roland SH-2. Since it lacks the "Human" (variation) and "rhythm composer" (sequencing. This week I bought a Roland R-8 (mk1) drumcomputer. ROLAND R5 & R8 POWER SUPPLY BYPASS. Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer. Mine is an ACH-240A. Roland R-8 / R-8M ROM Card - $20 (Maplewood) < image 1 of 2 > condition: like new make / manufacturer: Roland model name / number: SN-R8-01 - R-8 / R-8M ROM Card. The device has eight individual outputs, 12-voice polyphony, and four-part multitimbral MIDI. envoi possible aux frais de l'acheteur. 送料無料 roland sands design ハーレー汎用 エアクリーナー エアクリーナー clarity ツインカム&エボ用 ブラック-ops:ミシュラン primacy 3 ★ プライマシー3 正規品 サマータイヤ 205/55r17 ブリヂストン ecoform エコフォルム crs12 ホイールセット 4本 17インチ 17 x 7 +38 5穴 114. | Read more. Anyway it works perfect. Roland r8 + sn r8 04: 250 € » VENDS R-8 + MEMORY CARD (presets) 240 € » Vends Roland R8 R-8 (TBE) 180 € » Vends Home studio Complet : 1 000 €. BOOMINATI WAY Drum Kit by HENDRIX BEATS. Quick Responder. Obviously, you can control and be controlled from other sequencers (with Song Position Pointers) and play sounds from a keyboard or play external sounds. All products are new and fully-tested OEM equivalent replacement parts. 00 shipping. 88 Shipping. The original R-8 focussed on acoustic sounds, but the popularity of the SN-R8-04 Electronic and SN-R8-10 Dance sound cards, which contained TR-808, TR-909 and CR-78 samples, prompted Roland to release the MkII which had most of those sounds already built in. 13 May 2009. Eight velocity-sensitive pads allow the triggering of up to 24 samples, drum sounds, or loops. Re: Roland R8 vs R5 Post by wiss » Wed Jul 06, 2011 2:01 pm I've owned both of the drum machines, I can not recall if the sequencing was the same becuase I used a MPC as the master. Hawaii's Kilauea volcano has violently erupted, spewing ash over 30,000 feet into the sky. Exclusive Prime pricing. Cosmetically, it shows very minor wear from normal use, a scratch to the right of the display. The 16 large, touch sensitive key pads allow you to alter volume and tone naturally by striking the pad with varying force. Maybe the most complete drums machine ever! Find me here: https://www. Roland Users Group. Card is in excellent condition and works perfectly! Buy your gear from a longstanding, experienced, eBayer! Over 2500 transactions completed… 1 month ago on ebay. This is professionally made with high quality fabric and has an elastic sheath. it featured a 320 x 80 backlit LCD display and competed with the likes of the Korg M1 workstation and the Korg T Series. NO HISTORY OF NON PAYMENTS. uk R8/R8M percussion grinding patch box is an external patchbay case that plugs into the main unit via the sound ROM expansion ports using a custom sound card as an interface. View and Download Roland R-8 mkII owner's manual online. one great card to have (at least with the original or rack units) is the 'Metallic Percussion' card, as the R-8 is pretty skimpy on hi-hats. Stay up to date with Roland news, artists, promotions, events, and more. Roland r8 + sn r8 04: 250 € » VENDS R-8 + MEMORY CARD (presets) 240 € » Vends Roland R8 R-8 (TBE) 180 € » Vends Home studio Complet : 1 000 €. Roland r-8 drum machine with power supply and sn-r8-04 electronic sound card. The TR‑8S is. 0 (SF2 RAR Compressed) Extract file using WinRAR RLNDGM. Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Drum Machine with AC Adapter B106. The R-8 MkII is not as much of an iconic electronic instrument as Roland's much more famous TR series drum machines, but it definitely left a deep mark in the history of electronic music. The TR-8 melds the legendary sound and vibe of the legacy Roland drum machines with advanced features and functions that have been inspiring a new generation. The R-5 features velocity- and pressure-sensitive trigger pads, and the ability to create loops of beats. In addition, you can create your own custom samples and loops from recorded audio tracks. Roland R-8 mkII Pdf User Manuals. Cosmetically, it shows very minor wear from normal use, a scratch to the right of the display. Roland R8 drum machine schematic newbieland. Genuine Parts Roland R8 R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Pad. The Roland R-8 is a 32 voice digital drum machine. Roland R-8 SN-R8-04 Electronic Roland R-8 SN-R8-04 Electronic demo from Igor Spirkin (U-Tape Records) Roland R8M - What's inside the box - 2020-02-07 Inline with my normal nosiness. Lookup Alesis HR-16 Prices The link above will take you to an eBay search for Manual - Alesis have made manuals and program charts for Roland R-8. 1 attachment. YAMAHA MOTIF XF8 Fue reconocido como la Workstation con mejor sonido, de mayor éxito y más solicitada del mercado. Addeddate 2012-05-13 09:48:24 Identifier synthmanual-roland-r-8-owners-manual Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t2b86d00f Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8. Roland R8 11 demo songs from factory ROM cards - Duration: 20:34. The information source for house of worship audio and media directors, worship musicians, and A/V techs. Add to Cart. vst roland r-8 v. Roland R8, r 8m (built 1989) - Drummachine/Module + step sequencer Roland S10, S220, MKS100 (built 1986) - Sampler Roland S330 (built 1986) - Sampler. 1 64 ビット版 / 32 ビット版 対応 V-Mixer 用ドライバです。 V-Mixer Driver Ver. Roland r-mix download free. [Dan Walker; Jack Verga]. I use a little Casio home keyboard, a Musicman bass and an electronic Casio guitar with plastic strings, as well as an Ovation 6-string acoustic. Drum Machines ⇝ Roland ⇝ Roland R-5. Exclusive Prime pricing. Also has a list of Roland keyboard clubs including some newsletters online. shipping: + C $134. 1 has been released as a bug fix, allowing for use as a control surface. Je cherche donc à en reconstruire une sachant que plus aucun site marchand n'en vend aujourd'hui. It is still much revered today for its clean, deep sound. Corporate Headquarters Location WorthPoint Corporation Digital Media Sales. The device has eight individual outputs, 12-voice polyphony, and four-part. Procedure. All products are new and fully-tested OEM equivalent replacement parts. For everyone, whether you are going to start to join with others to consult a book. Drum Machine Roland R8 A electric guitar pickup is actually much like an energetic mike coil. The power supplies for the Roland R5 & R8 drum machines are a classic piece of absolute Roland bastardry! Not only are they supposedly specified at +10v/0/-10v (which the really don't need to be) but they also use a proprietary Roland power connector that was never used in any other machine. Since it lacks the "Human" (variation) and "rhythm composer" (sequencing. For greater savings check out our Used Roland R8 Drum Machine and get a great deal today!. Featured VideoLX/HP — New Generation Digital Piano. much has been said on this forum about the Roland R8 series drum machines. That is Roland Iten himself showing the R8 MkII. View and Download Roland R-8 mkII owner's manual online. 🎹 -----> Roland Cloud's All Including Waveforms Sounds Bin S-Series Samplers RSB Series Disks S-50 S-550 S-700 U-10 & U-20 R8 W-30 JD-800 JV-80 JV-1080 Fantom Original S X G L-Series S-5xx S-55xx S-7xx The Best Of Samples Presets Exclusive VSTI General MIDI's GM Exclusive 80's 90's 2000's Collection {2020} Request Concepts Legendary JV & SRX Expansion's VST Plugins Music Software. Quick Shipper. I've heard that Roland will soon make 707 sounds available for it, which is appealing, but I think half of what I liked about the 707 was the clunky plastic "drum machine-ness" about it!. Although its vintage appeal may be diminished by the Roland R-8 (as well as the resurgence of the TR-808 and TR-909 machines), if you're on a budget, this one could be for you. Output: 10V +/-1A Up to 10Watts. Over the years, he tried his hand at creating various electronic instruments – from organs and guitar amplifiers, to the Theremin and the Ondes Martenot. ROLAND R-8 HUMAN Rhythm Composer Drum Machine NEW INTERNAL BATTERY /power supply - EUR 183,59. Download the latest R8 Driver About Zoom North America: Zoom North America is the U. Genuine Parts Roland R8 R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Pad. Setup is simple, the manual makes it difficult (indeed, the Roland manuals are always complex: I lost most of my hair while reading one of the r8, the DJ70, D -10 and MC-303). Stay safe and healthy. WAV Format Immediate Zip File Download. It's the TR… evolved. The Roland TR-8 is a performance rhythm machine that melds the legendary sound and vibe of the TR-808 and TR-909 with features and functions for the modern age. The original R-8 focussed on acoustic sounds, but the popularity of the SN-R8-04 Electronic and SN-R8-10 Dance sound cards, which contained TR-808, TR-909 and CR-78 samples, prompted Roland to release the MkII which had most of those sounds already built in. ☆オーデリック インテリアライト ブラケットライト 【OB 255 082N. updated: 2020-05-30 19:33. Open Monday - Sunday, 9:00 am - 9:00 pm. Release year : 1989. This gives the sound a wider range of different timbres. email to friend ♥ best of. Posted by SolidStateCollective at 6:11 AM Email This BlogThis!. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Roland SN-R8-02 JAZZ BRUSH Rom Card for ROLAND R8 Drum Machine at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products!. Multimedia tools downloads - R-MIX by Roland Corporation and many more programs are available for instant and free download. Re: Roland R8 vs R5 Post by wiss » Wed Jul 06, 2011 2:01 pm I've owned both of the drum machines, I can not recall if the sequencing was the same becuase I used a MPC as the master. Created Date: Tue Jul 04 17:15:42 2000. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. G-1000 - RKCA. Download free loops and audio samples: DRUMS (FULL KITS)/DRUM MACHINES/Roland R-8/. So it wasn't the R-8 MKII, but no big complaints. Roland - R8 Human Rhythm Composer - Drum machine - Japan - 1989 Good - Number of items: 1 - Including: Drum machine - Original parts, Power cable One of the best drum machines ever. In 1980, the Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer was released to an unsuspecting and somewhat bewildered public. Roland R8 Drummachine Demo of the R8 a friend of mine is selling. Cosmetically, it shows very minor wear from normal use, a scratch to the right of the display. The document has moved here. The following cards were produced: SN-R8-01 Contemporary Percussion (all sounds included in the Roland R8 Mk II). It's a great time to upgrade your home music studio gear with the largest selection at eBay. DLS Downladable Sound Level 2 (DLS) RLNDGM. Tried an R5 a while back, and another Roland DM I can't remember, and getting MIDI out (note assignments etc. CIRCUITBENDERS Roland R8M via this auction You can find some demos and additional demos in previous posts here. 2,423 Views. Then to connect the R-8 to my DAW, play the patterns back in time with what I've already produced, and edit the patterns in real time whilst also record Hi all I have recently acquired a Roland R8 with the dance ( 909) and electronic ( 808 CR78). the R-8mkII seems to have a nice selection though. 1 Khz Stereo. Roland SN-R8-01 Contemporary Percussion Expansion Card for R8 Drum Machines. seul probleme: la sortie right ne sort plus. Roland Users Group. Provides an overview of key features, functions and operational tips. 00 shipping. Drum Machines ⇝ Roland ⇝ Roland R-8M. Many folks think it's an under-appreciated gem that sounds fantastic; Roland did some particularly great work on sampling their earlier analog machines into the R-8's soundcards Using the R-8's Decay on the 808 and 909 kick samples is a joy (but you'll have to buy the Electronic and Dance ROM soundcards to get the 808 & 909 palettes). Before this acquisition I thought I dbarasser my R8, but since, thanks to the DSP, the R8 is more like a good groovebox, and allows me to get a much more pchu! For indeed the R8 does not have an effect section, but this is not a brobleme when using a external dsp, or if you retire the signal recorded through a sequencer audionumrique. Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer (рус. Roland R-8 Sound Cards Download 26 Total Samples on each Card 11 Cards (sold separately) 16 bit 44. QR Code Link to This Post. Sounds from some of the cards were included in the R-8 Mk II. Find great deals for Roland R8 on eBay. All other buttons and functions tested good. DLS Downladable Sound Level 1 (DLS) RLNDGM2. a noter entre autres : liquide uniquement. Roland R8/R8M patchbox used with a Roland U220 Published on May 8, 2020 circuitbenders. shipping: + C $134. Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Drum Machine NEW INTERNAL BATTERY /power supply. Shop with confidence. It has excellent sounds which can be expanded by adding additional sound cards (808 and 909 cards). 250 € Roland r8 + sn r8 04. The R-8 is a drum machine with the ability to increase its sound set using expansion cards. It's the TR… evolved. uk R8/R8M percussion grinding patch box is an external patchbay case that plugs into the main unit via the sound ROM expansion ports using a custom sound card as an interface. Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer / Drum Machine w/ AC Adapter F/S From Japan. View online or download Roland R-8M Owner's Manual. It is used by Orbital, Underworld, Jimmy Edgar, Autechre, 808 State, Dave Holmes, Fluke, Human League and The Shamen. Below is the complete sound listings for all 11 R8 sound cards. CIRCUITBENDERS Roland R8M via this auction You can find some demos and additional demos in previous posts here. As the makers explain, the sample pack isn't an exhaustive sampling of the R-8, instead being focused on the electronic sounds that made this drum machine popular among artists such as Aphex Twin and Autechre. This method of recording is similar to that which Roland originally used on the TR808 - only in this case you have to Stop the pattern playing each time you want to select a new Instrument. Although its vintage appeal may be diminished by the Roland R-8 (as well as the resurgence of the TR-808 and TR-909 machines), if you're on a budget, this one could be for you. Roland Drum Machine Users Group An e-mail list for Roland drum machine owners. Make an Offer. Most of this machine is to make and customize your own sounds. I was running short on time for my next gig and the R-8 did the job really well for my piano bar. The SN-R8 expansion cards are compatible with the R-8 (Mark Iand II) drum machine and the R-8M drum module. UP FOR BID IS THE ROLAND R-8 SN-R8-07 MALLET SOUND LIBRARY SOUND DATA ROM CARD FOR THE R-8. the R-8mkII does include the 909 hats and the CR-78 sounds. If you have any questions please email us directly. Monday September 17, 2007. 商品に興味をもっていただき、ありがとうございます。以下お読みいただき、入札をお待ちしています。【商品の説明】ブランド・メーカー:zoom R8 付属品:専用アダプター【商品の状態】使用回数少ない美品です。また、付属品は画像に写っている物が全てになります。動作確認済みです. View and Download Roland R-8 mkII owner's manual online. Roland R-8 - Drum Machine. Anyone ever had or currently own a Roland R8 or R5? The power supplies are extremely hard to find and very particular of a plug. 1kHz with a 16-bit dynamic range, giving superb sound quality. Roland r-8 r8 human rhythm composer. Buying Guide. It's a great time to upgrade your home music studio gear with the largest selection at eBay. FRASCATI, Italy. With its repitchable drum samples and an decent-sized LCD (which made making rhythm programming using the established Roland pattern-based method even easier), the R8 and its smaller brother the R5 remain two of Roland's finest ever dedicated drum machines. 0070000000216 Roland Rhythm Composer Drum Machine With Power Supply And Card (30. Roland R-8 & R-8M - Dry - Drum Sound Card - SN-R8-08. 🎹 -----> Roland Cloud's All Including Waveforms Sounds Bin S-Series Samplers RSB Series Disks S-50 S-550 S-700 U-10 & U-20 R8 W-30 JD-800 JV-80 JV-1080 Fantom Original S X G L-Series S-5xx S-55xx S-7xx The Best Of Samples Presets Exclusive VSTI General MIDI's GM Exclusive 80's 90's 2000's Collection {2020} Request Concepts Legendary JV & SRX Expansion's VST Plugins Music Software. The TR-8S also has some new tricks compared to the TR-8, like two automatable fill sections per pattern, and the ability to lock parameter values to individual steps. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers; post id: 7120530210. 送料無料 roland sands design ハーレー汎用 エアクリーナー エアクリーナー clarity ツインカム&エボ用 ブラック-ops:ミシュラン primacy 3 ★ プライマシー3 正規品 サマータイヤ 205/55r17 ブリヂストン ecoform エコフォルム crs12 ホイールセット 4本 17インチ 17 x 7 +38 5穴 114. The sounds are ROM based samples, the R-8 has 32 note polyphony, 68 instruments, 100 patterns and 10 songs! The R-8 later became the R-8mkII with more memory and sounds. 99 Start your 30-day free trial of Unlimited to listen to this song plus tens of. Over the years, he tried his hand at creating various electronic instruments – from organs and guitar amplifiers, to the Theremin and the Ondes Martenot. But behind those iconic instruments, Roland's other drum machine output tends to go under the radar – so much so that Session Victim managed to pick one up for €60. Roland R8 11 demo songs from factory ROM cards - Duration: 20:34. contactez. The TR-8 is a performance rhythm machine that melds the legendary sound and vibe of the TR-808 and TR-909 with features and functions for the modern age. The original R-8 focussed on acoustic sounds, but the popularity of the SN-R8-04 Electronic and SN-R8-10 Dance sound cards, which contained TR-808, TR-909 and CR-78 samples, prompted Roland to release the MkII which had most of those sounds already built in. Our Roland TR-8 custom skins are perfect for creating your own personalized look, promoting your brand & protecting your gear. 2019-05-08 - Roland R-8. In addition to being an 8-track recorder, it's a pad sampler and a rhythm machine, and can even serve as a DAW control surface and computer audio interface. Roland, Roland Pro Audio Synthesizers, Roland Accordions, roland r8 drum machine, Roland Keyboards, Roland Digital Pianos, Roland Pro Audio Recorders, Roland Modular SyntheSizers, Covercraft Parts for Audi R8, Air Bags for Audi R8. G-1000 Homepage; Info, tips and links to style sites & resources for the G-1000. Roland R-8 Sound Cards Download 26 Total Samples on each Card 11 Cards (sold separately) 16 bit 44. Roland R8 + 808 Card vs R8 MK2 I got an offer for the original R8 plus 808 card for $200 I understand the R8MK2 has the 808 and 909 built in plus more, but doesn't seem to come up so often and costs about twice that , if my market survey is correct. Roland R-8 Download 93 Total Samples 16 bit 44. Welcome to our global family. 新着商品,【限定品】 Roland 《ローランド》 CUBE-60XL BASS (CB-60XL) 日本正規品 ,Roland 《ローランド》 CUBE-60XL BASS (CB-60XL) - alfarealestate. shipping: + C $455. YouTube Channel. Descubre la mejor forma de comprar online. Genuine Parts Roland R8 R-8 HUMAN RHYTHM COMPOSER JACK BOARD CARD VG condition As pictured 100% OK RARE For auction ***** see photo please ****** Used Worldwide shipping. Roland R8 Coming in at just around budget level, this box is an older 12 bit unit. El R-8MK II es una nueva e innovadora unidad de ritmo que incluye una serie de funciones que permiten programar fácil - mente interpretaciones rítmicas de un extraordinario realismo. Roland General MIDI (RLNDGM) 5 Includes File: RLNDGM. Used Vintage M-256E Memory RAM CARD FOR ROLAND R8 for sale in Brooklyn - Vintage M-256E Memory RAM CARD FOR ROLAND R8 posted by Manthony in Brooklyn. Instrument name r8 display nuance 1 tr-909 kick 909 k y2 Cr-78 y3 Boeing y4 video y5 snares y6 y7 y8 y9 dance y10 house y11 trash y12 side stick 909side 13 tom t y14 closed hi-hat chg y15 open OH y16 y17 y18 re verb clap RV clap 19 cowbell cow 20 metallic beat. The Patch King The Worlds Largest 3rd Party Synth & Sampler Developers. The R-8 had one RAM memory card slot for saving user-created patterns and. Sample Rate: 44100 Hz. All products are new and fully-tested OEM equivalent replacement parts. October 5, 2017. Roland SN-R8-10 dance card. Check out the Roland R-8 Using SN-R-8 Sound Cards page at Sweetwater — the world's leading music technology and instrument retailer!. This one is fully functional. Roland R-8 mkII Owner's Manual (245 pages) Midi human rhythm composer. Roland R8 Mac Music | Pc Music | 440Software | 440Forums | 440tv | Zicos. Although it was designed to create "backing tracks," creative musicians started to use the Rhythm Machine as an instrument and music changed forever. このドライバは、Microsoft(R) Windows(R) 8 / 8. Roland R-8 human rhythm composer dintage drum machine roland r8 sound music. Je cherche donc à en reconstruire une sachant que plus aucun site marchand n'en vend aujourd'hui. 8-track simultaneous recording, audio interface with 8 in/2 out, and DAW controller in one. Hippies made some darn great synthesizers. it is super punchy and big sounding machine. Most orders are eligible for free shipping!. The R-8 had one RAM memory card slot for saving user-created patterns and. I use the SP-808 WWAC converter program on my computer to import WAV files. ROLAND R5 & R8 POWER SUPPLY BYPASS. Descubre la mejor forma de comprar online. Roland R8 Condition. It’s the TR… evolved. Before this acquisition I thought I dbarasser my R8, but since, thanks to the DSP, the R8 is more like a good groovebox, and allows me to get a much more pchu! For indeed the R8 does not have an effect section, but this is not a brobleme when using a external dsp, or if you retire the signal recorded through a sequencer audionumrique. ROLAND or Boss, Edirol formerly Ace, Acetone Roland was founded in 1972 by Ikutaro Kakehasi, Japan (prior companies: ace (drum machines and electronic organs and kakehashi musen), first synthesizer: 1972 - Mr. The Roland DG websites uses cookies for personalised content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse traffic on our website. Genre House Comment by BARBES D. 1kHz with a 16-bit dynamic range, giving superb sound quality. Zoom revolutionizes recording with the first digital recorder with 16-track playback and 8-track simultaneous recording that uses Secure Digital (SD) memory. CIRCUITBENDERS Roland R8M via this auction You can find some demos and additional demos in previous posts here. The R8 is a pad sampler and rhythm machine too. Stay safe and healthy. with 808and909 cards you'll be in heaven. Da Geek Boutique. For greater savings check out our Used Roland R8 Drum Machine and get a great deal today!. No schematic in the manual for it. Output: 10V +/-1A Up to 10Watts. TWO or MORE Roland M-512E RAM Cards for Roland products $110 ea. ) Locate the battery tray and use your. The R-8 is equipped with MIDI IN OUT THRU, it has a 68 sounds drum kit. Roland R8 (MODULO BATERIA DIGITAL) con todos sus wavs y tambien en kontakt, con funcion de pitch en semitonos, ocatavas y centecimas! totalmente gratis, aqui abajo el link. The R-8 is a drum machine made in Japan in 1989 by Roland. Then to connect the R-8 to my DAW, play the patterns back in time with what I've already produced, and edit the patterns in real time whilst also record Hi all I have recently acquired a Roland R8 with the dance ( 909) and electronic ( 808 CR78). The editing features are extensive and it has good MIDI implementation. Be the first one to write a review. Roland R8, Home & Studio Recording, Mar 1989. Roland R8 MKII pattern editing R-8 drum machine Just showing how cool the Roland R8 sequencer is. Save this search. 76 Shipping. The device has eight individual outputs, 12-voice polyphony, and four-part multitimbral MIDI. The Largest Drum Machine Collection on the Internet (461 Drum Machines) Howdy Ya'll - Relaximus here with a goodie: This is a site rip of the samples. Posted by SolidStateCollective at 6:11 AM Email This BlogThis!. Provides an overview of key features, functions and operational tips. 2 posts • Page 1 of 1. Strona prezentująca demówki najnowszej beat-maszyny Roland AIRA TR-8. REASON REFILL Roland R8 R-8 Drum Kit Sample Collection. R-8 mkII; Roland R-8 mkII Manuals Manuals and User Guides for Roland R-8 mkII. Roland R-8mkII R-8mk2 Human Rhythm Composer Drum Machine w power supply. It is still much revered today for its clean, deep sound. Corporate Headquarters Location WorthPoint Corporation Digital Media Sales. envoi possible aux frais de l'acheteur. Fully functional!! 861256six. The following cards were produced:. It arrived with everything else it read on amazon, just not the MKII. The Calibre R8 MK I Mechanical Belt Buckle was created by Roland Iten in 2003 and was an extraordinary evolution of a very simple three-component expandable mechanism patent which Roland Iten created and licensed to Bally in 1996. R-8MKII CPU BOARD ASSY 73176050 00 Battery: CR2032 DC 3V 185mAH. 775 Likes, 11 Comments - Stefanie Floriana (@stefaniefloriana) on Instagram: “ ️ ️ ️ ️ ️ ️ ️ 🎧 [ Dua Lipa - Don’t Start Now ]. The TR-8S also has some new tricks compared to the TR-8, like two automatable fill sections per pattern, and the ability to lock parameter values to individual steps. On Floppy Disks, CD-ROMS or Zip Disks. Roland Iten products are the subtle combination of high-performance mechanics, functionality and style. Addeddate 2011-10-19 18:54:53 Identifier synthmanual-roland-r-8-mkii-owners-manual Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t79s2rh9c Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8. Due to the massive impact from COVID-19 virus some orders are subject to delays in processing and shipping. Tried an R5 a while back, and another Roland DM I can't remember, and getting MIDI out (note assignments etc. Roland R8 MKII. SoundCloud. it featured a 320 x 80 backlit LCD display and competed with the likes of the Korg M1 workstation and the Korg T Series. This gives the sound a wider range of different timbres. After considering the Drumbrute (bit out of budget) and the Volca beats (not hands-on enough), I think I'm going to go with a used R8. Card is in excellent condition and works perfectly! Buy your gear from a longstanding, experienced, eBayer! Over 2500 transactions completed… 1 month ago on ebay. Recommended uses: MIDI files. I use a little Casio home keyboard, a Musicman bass and an electronic Casio guitar with plastic strings, as well as an Ovation 6-string acoustic. Get information, directions, products, services, phone numbers, and reviews on Irvin Roland in Beech Creek, undefined Discover more Corn companies in Beech Creek on Manta. Bonjour à tous, Tout est dit dans le sujet. Mint! PHP 15,746. Hello AH, I gather AH / DH / synth DIY have sort of amalgamated these days - but apologies if this is (potentially) off. Setup is simple, the manual makes it difficult (indeed, the Roland manuals are always complex: I lost most of my hair while reading one of the r8, the DJ70, D -10 and MC-303). Call/WhatsApp/SMS 0129855262. | Visit SynthXL for more service, schematics and owner's manual. Worldwide Social Network. Roland R8 and cards So I'm trying to buy my first drum machine. Roland R-8 MKII: Switch Board Assembly R-8, 8MK2 SW BOARD ASSY 73151110 00. Roland r8 human rythm composer. The Roland Professional A/V channel features product info, tutorials, training, customer applications, and events. The R-8M is the rackmount version of the R-8. No schematic in the manual for it. Roland R8 / R8M percussion grinding patch box Published on Jul 15, 2019 circuitbenders. contactez moi pour des details. Joined: May 3, 2020 Messages: 14. R-8 mkII; Roland R-8 mkII Manuals Manuals and User Guides for Roland R-8 mkII. El R-8MK II es una nueva e innovadora unidad de ritmo que incluye una serie de funciones que permiten programar fácil - mente interpretaciones rítmicas de un extraordinario realismo. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. 2019-05-08 - Roland R-8. Get the best deals on roland r8 card when you shop the largest online selection at eBay. The R-8 MkII is not as much of an iconic electronic instrument as Roland's much more famous TR series drum machines, but it definitely left a deep mark in the history of electronic music. No reviews or videos yet for Roland R8 MKII. one great card to have (at least with the original or rack units) is the 'Metallic Percussion' card, as the R-8 is pretty skimpy on hi-hats. posted: 2020-05-07 22:05. As is, Roland ACH-120 Description: AC Aadpter for R5, R8, R8 MKII. Below is the complete sound listings for all 11 R8 sound cards. Trier les 5 résultats par. This channel provides information of the Roland's best quality electronic musical instruments. Lookup Alesis HR-16 Prices The link above will take you to an eBay search for Manual - Alesis have made manuals and program charts for Roland R-8. 00 shipping. Mint! C $422. R-8MKII: Display Assign Roland U. Open Monday - Sunday, 9:00 am - 9:00 pm. David Kristian Drill n' Bass Mp3 "Kaiju Playground" was created using the Roland R8. Roland R-8 Drum Machine from 80's. See the free sample packs available to download in the roland category now. I didn't necessary items to test them with, so I am unable to guarantee the the Tape sync and Data card ports work. Roland R8 MKII pattern editing R-8 drum machine Just showing how cool the Roland R8 sequencer is. The R-8 Human Rhythm Composer is an electronic drum machine introduced in 1989 by Roland Corporation, using PCM voices. This is a demo of the Roland R-8 1989 drum machine preset patterns only effect is a Equalizer +5 on High,Mid and Low Tones. Description AC power adapter for Roland R-8 R8 MKII drum machine Power Payless All products are new and fully-tested OEM equivalent replacement parts Input voltage: 100V ~ 240Vac 50/60 Hz Overload protection Short circuit protection Over Temperature protection Power Saver Protection 100% HI-POT tested 100% cycling burn-in. Roland SN-R8-04 : Electronic. Roland SH-1. Can’t afford to spend $20K for a vintage Roland Jupiter 8 synthesizer? It looks like Behringer may have you covered. I am selling my ROLAND R8 MKII (R8MK2) HUMAN RHYTHM COMPOSER DRUM MACHINE IN PERFECT WORKING & COSMETIC CONDITION, this baby comes with all ORIGINAL OWNER MANUAL IN GERMAN & ENGLISH LANGUAGE & THE ORIGINAL POWER SUPPLY in ORIGINAL ROLAND MKII BOX, PRICE IS 100% FIRM $1000 *No trades or low baller*, CASH & LOCAL PICK UP ONLY, Location: Glendale CA, I will answer any of your question very fast. Many just use it as a straight ahead drum machine, but it's when you start. de web page as of July 2017 with a bit of organization. To many at the time, its tweakable analog tones didn’t exactly deliver “traditional” or "realistic" drum sounds. (The first 9 cards only) The Nuance column shows which sounds can be edited by the Nuance setting on the R8. Roland AIRA TR-8. Pricing & History. YouTube Channel. The R-8 features velocity- and pressure-sensitive trigger pads, and the ability to create loops of beats. Drum Machines⇝ Roland⇝ Roland R-8M Marketed as the "Total Percussion Sound Module", the R-8M has 3 card slots for SN-R8 PCM expansion cardsand one RAM card slot (for an M-256D or M-256E). roland-r8-service-manual 1/5 PDF Drive - Search and download PDF files for free. The BOSS BR-8 is a 24 bit 8-track digital recording workstation for guitar players and other musicians seeking a simple, high-powered alternative to tape-based personal studios. Owner's Manual ( sometimes referred to as User's Guide or User's Manual ) contains information on how to use Your device. Roland R8 + 808 Card vs R8 MK2 I got an offer for the original R8 plus 808 card for $200 I understand the R8MK2 has the 808 and 909 built in plus more, but doesn't seem to come up so often and costs about twice that , if my market survey is correct. Reverb Sellers Are Still Shipping. Welcome to our global family. Med R-8 har en muligheten til å programmere loops på trykkfølsomme knapper. Preview mp3's and download. The Roland R-8 MkII is a 90s classic. You can change your cookie settings at any time. The Roland Professional A/V channel features product info, tutorials, training, customer applications, and events. Roland R8; Roland TR-626; Sequential Drumtraks; Simmons SDS 8; Streetboxx RT-223; Streetboxx SB-246; Yamaha DSR-2000; Yamaha RX5; Yamaha RX8; Mixers. All products are new and fully-tested OEM equivalent replacement parts. Fast & Free shipping on many items!. Roland R-8 mkII Owner's Manual (245 pages) Midi human rhythm composer. Phone: 877-481-5750 Monday-Friday 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM EST (0900 to 1900) Fax: 877-588-3564. X8, X7, X6 and X Rack or XR. Sounds from some of the cards were included in the R-8 Mk II. The BOSS BR-8 is a 24 bit 8-track digital recording workstation for guitar players and other musicians seeking a simple, high-powered alternative to tape-based personal studios. Roland do provide a means of recording selected "feel" data into a MIDI sequencer as part of a pattern for subsequent playback. Visit today for 100s of free sample packs. Bit Depth: 16-Bit. Description of ROLAND R-8 Owner's Manual Complete owner's manual in digital format. The Gear Rack. in 1997 i bought an R8mkII and used it for 5 years then sold it after i purchased an Akai MPC 2000XL. Roland R-8 MK-2 Drumcomputer mit original Netzteil. YouTube Channel. September 8, 2019. Enjoy the lowest prices and best selection of Roland Drum Machines at Guitar Center. Due to the massive impact from COVID-19 virus some orders are subject to delays in processing and shipping. Card is in excellent condition and works perfectly! Buy your gear from a longstanding, experienced, eBayer! Over 2500 transactions completed… 1 month ago on ebay. The R-8M is the rackmount version of the R-8. 31 shipping. The device has eight individual outputs, 12-voice polyphony, and four-part. The Roland R8 was released around 1989, and to this day it remains one of the best drum machines ever made. Roland R8 drum machine schematic newbieland. Re: Yamaha RX5 vs Roland R8 Post by walkathon » Sat Jun 08, 2013 10:39 pm Yeah, MPC1000 is ultimately the most flexible buy, but if you want the hardware, I do sympathize (got all 3 here). Roland SPD::ONE Series SPD-1E Electro (パーカッションパッド)(送料無料)【ONLINE STORE】 V-L435(レバーハンドル)内開取替用本体セット 内開用左勝手 パオック 軽量エアインパクトレンチ AIM-400LPA. Roland’s latest Aira instrument is set to become a classic in its own right. Check out our. Setup is simple, the manual makes it difficult (indeed, the Roland manuals are always complex: I lost most of my hair while reading one of the r8, the DJ70, D -10 and MC-303). | Visit SynthXL for more service, schematics and owner's manual. Most of this machine is to make and customize your own sounds. Roland tr-8 Drum machine 7x7 expantion with 909,808,727,600 sounds and fx also has a buil it compresser and sidechain for hooking up another hardware instramentant comes with box and cables £300 Ad posted 59 days ago. Roland R-8 808 Clap Added on June 20, 2015, 9:09 p. The device has eight individual outputs, 12-voice polyphony, and four-part multitimbral MIDI. Encuentra Modulo Roland R8 en Mercado Libre México. Input voltage: 100V ~ 240Vac 50/60 Hz. I use a little Casio home keyboard, a Musicman bass and an electronic Casio guitar with plastic strings, as well as an Ovation 6-string acoustic. The following cards were produced:. It has excellent sounds which can be expanded by adding additional sound cards (808 and 909 cards). Akai VX600 Synthesizer (replaces BR-16 / BR-32 cards) Choose the Roland M-512E Card [Our model VCX512] above. Drum Machines ⇝ Roland ⇝ Roland R-5. (SOLD) ROLAND R-8 Human Rhythm Composer & Power Supply - $250 < image 1 of 1 > make / manufacturer: Roland model name / number: R-8. Thursday January 22, 2004. Zeer nette roland r8! In een dergelijke staat zult u ze niet vaak tegenkomen. View online or download Roland R-8 mkII Owner's Manual. This channel provides information of the Roland's best quality electronic musical instruments. Choose the Roland M-512E Card [Our model VCX512] above. Find great deals on eBay for roland r 8 and roland r5. The R-8 Human Rhythm Composer is an electronic drum machine introduced in 1989 by Roland Corporation, using PCM voices. Genuine Parts Roland R8 R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Pad. Cosmetically, it shows very minor wear from normal use, a scratch to the right of the display. Hello to all Reason Fans & Lovers. Fantom X; Yahoo group dedicated to the Roland Fantom X Series Synths. (The first 9 cards only) The Nuance column shows which sounds can be edited by the Nuance setting on the R8. The R-8 was first released in 1989 by Roland Corporation of Japan. uk "It turns out our Roland R8/R8M audio grinding patchbox with the fake ROM card interface works on the U220 as well, and by extension probably the U110, MV30, U20 and anything else that uses the same style ROM cards. Roland R8 and cards So I'm trying to buy my first drum machine. This one is fully functional. Roland R-8 mkII Drum Machine & Sequencer the hard to find super duper sample based drum machine with all those sounds on board. Roland R-8 SN-R8-04 Electronic Roland R-8 SN-R8-04 Electronic demo from Igor Spirkin (U-Tape Records) Roland R8M - What's inside the box - 2020-02-07 Inline with my normal nosiness. ROLAND R5 & R8 POWER SUPPLY BYPASS. Preview mp3's and download. The device has eight individual outputs, 12-voice polyphony, and four-part. Roland R-8 d'occasion. From the SN-R8-01 Contemporary Percussion expansion card. A single-space rack-mount version - the R-8M - was also available. Features: Only supports the original R-8, not the later R-8M or R-8 MK II. Roland Global Official Fan Page. View and Download Roland R-8 owner's manual online. Roland R8 Condition. There's nothing technically wrong with it but it wasn't too expensive and I've read a lot of great stuff about this thing so I want to try one :-) I've had a TR-505 a little while…. R-8MKII CPU BOARD ASSY 73176050 00 Battery: CR2032 DC 3V 185mAH. Roland r-8 r8 human rhythm composer. it featured a 320 x 80 backlit LCD display and competed with the likes of the Korg M1 workstation and the Korg T Series. 0 (SF2 RAR Compressed) Extract file using WinRAR RLNDGM. Roland R8 MKII pattern editing R-8 drum machine Just showing how cool the Roland R8 sequencer is. Stay up to date with Roland news, artists, promotions, events, and more. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers; post id: 7120530210. contactez moi pour des details. Template HKGRED2 Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Description One of the very best drum machines ever. DLS Downladable Sound Level 2 (DLS) RLNDGM. Samples de sonido Roland R-8 todos las muestras de sonido de este modulo de colección - formato wave 16 bits 44. SF_ Soundfont 2. No reviews or videos yet for Roland R8 MKII. The R-8 is a drum machine with the ability to increase its sound set using expansion cards. Obviously, you can control and be controlled from other sequencers (with Song Position Pointers) and play sounds from a keyboard or play external sounds. 31 shipping. The TR-8 is a performance rhythm machine that melds the legendary sound and vibe of the TR-808 and TR-909 with features and functions for the modern age. Then there's a Tascam 8-track Portastudio. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s. Recording Equipment Roland R-88 Brochure & Specs. in 1997 i bought an R8mkII and used it for 5 years then sold it after i purchased an Akai MPC 2000XL. The Roland R-8 was basic to some, But it has 11 cards and those samples are not professionally recorded on the web. Haus und Dekorationen, Drum Machine Roland R8. One of the best drum machines ever produced, eclipsed only by its later sibling, the R8 mk11. Find great deals for Roland R8 on eBay. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands Roland R-8 & R-8M Power Drums U. Worldwide Social Network. Cosmetically, it shows very minor wear from normal use, a scratch to the right of the display. Keyboards: Synthesizers, accordions, arrangers, controllers and more. The Zoom R8 combines multiple audio production tools in one compact device. This is professionally made with high quality fabric and has an elastic sheath. The editing features are extensive and it has good MIDI implementation. Zoom revolutionizes recording with the first digital recorder with 16-track playback and 8-track simultaneous recording that uses Secure Digital (SD) memory. Da Geek Boutique. Hard to find online since they are really rare. Roland R 8 for sale: The R-8 is a drum machine made in Japan in 1989 by Roland. The Roland Professional A/V channel features product info, tutorials, training, customer applications, and events. Roland R-8 Human Rhythm Composer Drum Machine NEW INTERNAL BATTERY /power supply. Haus und Dekorationen, Drum Machine Roland R8. We have 3 Roland R-8 mkII manuals available for free PDF download: Owner's Manual, Service Notes. Genre-defining sounds, classic effects, unprecedented live pattern manipulation, and solid, intuitive performance controls. or Best Offer. Share this page. it is super punchy and big sounding machine. Download Service manual & Owner's Manual for Roland TR 606 DRUMATIX | Visit SynthXL for service, schematics & owner's manual. Welcome to our global family. Added on Sept. By adopting the precision mechanics developed within the Swiss watch industry, the Roland Iten Mechanical Luxury Company designs, develops and manufactures unique male mechanical accessories, thus creating a unique market segment for luxury goods called Mechanical Luxury for Gentlemen. The Roland R8 drum machine and the Akai MPC60 are discussed within. Roland R-8 SN-R8-04 Electronic Roland R-8 SN-R8-04 Electronic demo from Igor Spirkin (U-Tape Records) Roland R8M - What's inside the box - 2020-02-07 Inline with my normal nosiness. R-8 mkII Recording Equipment pdf manual download. Worldwide Social Network. It includes the sought-after TR-909 drum sounds from the Dance expansio. The sounds are ROM based samples, the R-8 has 32 note polyphony, 68 instruments, 100 patterns and 10 songs! The R-8 later became the R-8mkII with more memory and sounds. Input voltage: 100V ~ 240Vac 50/60 Hz.